The encyclopedia of the tourist
Irkeshtam pass, (2841).
Irkeshtam, pass (2841 m). Irkeshtam begins in Osh city in the south of Kyrgyzstan.
The road goes south along the valleys of rivers Taldyk and Gulcho as far
as the village "Sary-Tash" (Yellow Rock). The road to Dushanbe, Tajikistan
leads west through the valley of Kyzyl-Suu, and the road leading south
goes to the Mountain - Badakshansk region of Tajikistan; Murgaba goes through
Kyzyl Art pass, and the road to the Chinese border goes east. The road is
in bad condition, but it attracts much interest as it is the shortest way
from Fergana valley to China. The frontier post is called in the honor of
the Russian officer that perished during the rebellion of basmachi in 1931.
The Irkeshtam pass is 238 kilometers from Osh and 250 kilometers from Kashgar.
For many years the pass was open only for commercial purposes and for the
passengers was only opened in 2002. In 2003, the two governments made a
visa regime for the citizens of the two states to have appropriate documents
for crossing the border. Currently the Irkeshtam pass is actively used for
transporting various loads from China to Kyrgyzstan. Top
Inylchek, glacier. Located in north-eastern
part of Kyrgyzstan, where the two mountain ranges of the Tien-Shan conjunct,
forming peaks taller than 6000 meters. Glacial Inylchek contours go down
to the bottom of the Khan-Tengri (6995 m) on the Kazakhstan border in the
north and the Pobeda Peak (7439 m) on the Chinese border in the south.
The glacier of the South Inylchek with the length of 59,5 km and the width
up to 3.5 km and North Inylchek - 38.2 km have several ice-tributaries.
The glacier stretches out at 60 kilometers with an area 583 km ² and it is
540 meters thick. This glacier is one of the most famous in the world.
South Inylchek includs the eastern part of the ridges Kokshaal-Too, Inylchek-Too,
Sarydjaz,Tengri-Tag and Meridional ridges.
There are two peaks which are more than 7000 m high- Pobeda peak and
Khan Tengri peak and 23 peaks more than 6000 meters and about 80 tops of
5000-6000 m high. There are two virgin peaks more than 6000 meters high
and 14 peaks 5000-6000 m high. The area has about 70 routes. The most popular
tops of the district are peak of Khan-Tengri and Pobeda. This is one of
the harshest regions of the Tien-Shan. Typical summer weather is with the
morning sun at noon followed by clouds and snow in the afternoon. Sometimes
the weather gets worse, and it snows for 2-3 days. The weather gets stable
after August 5 and lasts till the middle of September, but in September it
gets much colder than in August. The average July temperature is 5°C, 7°C
in August, and 3°C in September. The routes in the region are combined-
snow and snow-ice. Slopes and peaks are usually covered with snow and ice.
Apart from the technical difficulties on the route, the alpinists come
across the dangers: the weather, that can suddenly get bad for several
days and causes the avalanche, dangerous for the passes to go through and
the crack in the glacier, very treacherous in this area. Typically, after
a lot of snowfall, it can take 1-2 days for the snow to be consolidated.
The district has two stationary base camps. In the base camp of the Center
there are five wooden cabins with living rooms for 38 seats and a bar,
sauna, steam bath, dining room, kitchen, power station and a helipad. In
the basic camp Dostuk trekking company there is a wooden hut with a kitchen,
dining room and a sauna, a power station and a helipad. Both base camps
are located under the slopes of the peak Gorky with a height of 3995 and
3850 m respectively, on the lateral moraine of the glacier Southern Inylchek
20 minutes away from one another. In July and August there is a constant
radio contact from Base Camp with Maida-Adyr camp and the cities of Bishkek
and Karakol. This area can be reached only by helicopter, which flies from
the intermediate camp Maida-Adyr, located 80 km to the west along the valley Engilchek
near the frontier. It is 30 minutes by helicopter or 4 days on foot. There
is no way for the horses to the base camp and it is impossible to find the
porters in the area. There is a helicopter service in the area since mid-July
to late August. You can reach Maida-Adyr by car from the city of Karakol
(165 km) along the mountain road through the Chon-Ashu pass (3822 m).
Issyk-Ata, gorge. It
is located on the northern slope of Kyrgyz Ala-Too ridge in Issyk-Ata district,
77 km from Bishkek. It extends from south-west to north-east up to 50 km.
Bottom width is 1.5 km, beginning at an altitude of 4500 m and an end at
1000 m. The slopes are steep (35-50ºC) with the height from the bottom at
800-1200 m. On the slopes, there are undergrowth, juniper forests, grassland
vegetation, a river flowing of the same name as the waterfalls. Above Issyk-Ata
gorge, majestically rises a rocky Aluu-Too massif (Botvei) higher than 4000
m. Not far from it, it is possible to observe Konev peak (4307 m) and Communist
Party of Kyrgyzstan peak (4481 m). One and a half kilometres above the resort
into the Marble gorge is a beautiful 10-metre waterfall. Upper zone of the
gorge is closed by a trapezoidal Lesgaft vertex (4590 m). It is possible
to cross the Kyrgyz ridge through Issyk-Ata (3929 m) pass into the river
valley of West Karakol. On the way to the pass are lakes with turquoise-milky
water. In the central part of the gorge at a height of 1775 m there are more
than 50 hot springs. Spring sources are known since ancient times, as evidenced
by large granite carved stone with an image of Buddha - the healer and five
inconspicuous Tibetan inscriptions. It dates from the mid VIII century.
Buddha is represented in the traditional pose - sitting on a lotus. In 1928,
first houses were built and a resort Issyk-Ata was formed. The main healing
property of the sanatorium is mineral waters. There are mud baths and water
baths within the sanatorium. On its vicinity, there are cafes, shops, and
near the sanatorium, outdoor pools with hot mineral water. Top
Ishen-Ata (Frunzenskoe), burial mounds. Tyup
district, Issyk-Kul. They are located on the east side of Frunzenskoe village
3-4 km west of the village Kyurmentyu. The complex is made of about 40
large mounds that make up four chains, elongated on the north-south line.
These mounds are of earthen type. The diameter of the mounds is about 18-60
They range from 1.5 to 7 m in height. In one of the excavated mounds
a tomb was found - it was a dirt pit, roofed with coasting logs, and its
walls were lined with wooden blocks. At the bottom of the tomb there were
24 round-shaped cups. Almost all the mounds were looted in antiquity. They
are dated from VII-VI centuries BC. Top