It is imported from
Kazakhstan in 1951-1952. It reproduces twice a year between March-May, and
June-August, bringing a 3-5 blind helpless cubs. A month later, they open
their eyes, and in 1.5-2 months squirrels become independent. The squirrel
mainly eats seeds and buds of pine tree, mushrooms and berries. On some occasions
it consumes green plants, insects, snails, rodents, eggs and bird chicks.
It is active during daylight hours. The squirrel makes reserves for the
winter by hiding the pine cones under the forest earth layer. On cold days
in winter, the squirrel becomes almost inactive and hides in its nest.
In 1930, 750 roe were bought for the first
time from Lake Sevan in Armenia and released into Lake Issyk-Kul from
Dzhergalan Bay. The trout did not just adapt to their unfamiliar surroundings,
but changed significantly in this new habitat. Examples have been caught
measuring 1m in length and weighing up to 17 kg (in Sevan the largest
are 50-60 cm in length and 4 kg in weight).
A wolf lives in the mountain area.
It weighs 40-50 kg and is up to 1.5m in length and 80cm in height. It prefers
open spaces, woods and slopes. Mating period is in February and March. Wolves
have strong family bonds and the couples are formed for life. In April-May
4-8 cubs are born. Wolves choose and create their den under a rubble of stones
or rocks, caves, they expand badger holes, sometimes they dig under the roots
of trees around cliffs. Each family has its own territory. Dens are usually
located a few dozen kilometers from each other. The only serious competitor
to a wolf is a shepherd dog, which is almost never fed, thus it is forced
to obtain extra food for itself by hunting and killing a lot of birds, small
little animals, especially young marmots and hares. It also eats frogs, lizards,
shrews, rabbits, rodents, small carnivores, including foxes and ungulates.
During summer, it may consume vegetable food: fruit, juicy fruits and herbs
in small quantities. It consumes melons and watermelons at the melon field
to quench its thirst. Big damage is brought to country animals, killing thousands
of sheep, hundreds of horses and yaks, also to a lot of dogs. There are so-called
wolf-dogs, which are a crossbreed of a wolf with a dog that are of a particular
concern as they are fierce and have no fear of people.